Keloid Scars Causes and Treatments Blog image

Keloid is a type of raised scar that can occur following an injury such as a serious burn, cut; or, as a result of a procedure such as a body piercing or tattoo.  Keloid scars can grow far greater than the initial scar from the injury or surgery.

Keloids scars are not a health risk, but can be visually unappealing and cause embarrassment. Many individuals will seek treatment to remove or lessen keloid scars easily. Medical treatments are available and can improve the appearance of the keloids.

These are necessary things about keloids and their treatment that you need to know.

Things to Know About Keloid Scars

When scars develop, they grow up and form into a keloid. When keloids grow, they can grow larger than the initial scar.

Causes of Keloid

Skin damage often causes keloid scars to form. Here are some of the following causes:

Acne Scars

Persons with severe acne often get acne scars. Acne scars are deep, wavelike or angular, with different kinds of appearances.


Overexposing your skin to radiation, sunlight, chemicals and/or electricity will cause a lot of damage to your skin tissue and can lead to burns that are painful. These burns can range from minor to critical medical problems.

Chicken Pox Scars

When you scrape your chickenpox blisters excessively, skin damage happens. It is harder for your skin to restore itself due to thickened body tissues and this is scar tissue.

Body Piercing

Thankfully, scars resulting from piercings are small scars because the majority of piercings are small.  


Scratches generally won't scar, because they do not produce cuts that are deep enough, although it is still possible to develop scars due to minor scratches of the epidermis.

Surgical Incision Sites

Following a surgical incision, and despite the best efforts of the physician, scars are rarely avoided and can be quite visible depending on the procedure or surgery that was done. 

Vaccination Sites

Scars can occur due to vaccinating an area of the skin, including from smallpox vaccines. The body typically recovers immediately from a smallpox vaccine.

Keloid Symptoms

Keloids are made of scar tissue enlargement. They have extended the area of the original wound themselves. The formation of keloids will probably take place over a few weeks to months.

 However, to address it immediately, it is important to recognize the symptoms of a keloid scar.

Keloid scars might be red or fleshy, itchy, and painful. This is particularly common if you continue to expose the scars to sunlight. Keloids may raise scars, lumps, or ridges. Keloid will also grow larger or extend over time. They are also susceptible to irritation and can cause scars to be itchy.

 These are easy to remember and also straightforward. You need to examine your skin scars to fix and enhance skin recovery.

Keloid Scars: Causes and Treatments Blog image


What to Do With Keloids?

There is a treatment ladder guideline

Hypertrophic scarring and keloids: pathomechanisms and current and emerging treatment strategies.

Gauglitz GG, Korting HC, Pavicic T, Ruzicka T, Jeschke MG. Mol Med. 2011 Jan-Feb;17(1-2):113-25. doi: 10.2119/molmed.2009.00153. Epub 2010 Oct 5. PMID: 20927486 Free PMC article. Review.


A successful treatment of scars is pressure clothing in situations where you encounter a large spread of keloid or hypertrophic scar. Compression of scars would result in many advantages such as reduced collagen production, pain, and itchiness improvements, and swelling reduction. At least use the minimum pressure of 15mm Hg to build the formation of the scars while compressing. Note that only compression is formed when an irregular scar thickening happens.

Corticosteroid Injections (Intralesional Steroids)

These kinds of injections are safe but painful. The injections are given in the area with the keloids to help them get flat. Steroid injections can cause redness.  Injection of steroids is given once every 4 weeks. The area of scar treatment is limited to the dose of corticoid steroids.


Surgeries like keloid therapy are very risky because they involve cutting the keloid. We must remember that every time your skin is cut, scars are formed. Operations can trigger another even larger form of keloid. In cases where the patient decides to perform the surgery despite this risk, surgeons will use keloid compression with a specialized pressure unit or steroidal injection months after removal.


Like other treatments, lasers with pulsed leave promising results of keloid flattening. Lasers are safe, reduce redness, and reduce pain. However, several sessions might be needed to get the desired results and can be quite costly, and not covered by most insurance plans. Laser treatment is usually a less complicated, and more simple procedure if it can be financially afforded.

Scar Tape

Scar tapes are a successful treatment of keloid scars. It reduces the scope of the scars. The tape has an insulating area that covers the wound for a duration of time. Using scar tapes requires persistence and patience because the tape should continue to be used until the keloid scars are flat, which could take up to 3 months.


The keloid formations are due to expanded and raised scars. This is most likely to happen as a result of injuries such as burns or cuts. Keloids can also develop from tattoos, acne scars, body piercings, and surgical incisions. Keloids will begin to develop  3–12 months after your skin is wounded.

MyScarTape always provides patients with the desired results. It has an elastic tape which acts as a second human skin. It supports and protects the tissues of the scar and reduces irritation, pain, and sensitivity. MyScarTape is the ideal treatment to stop the growth of younger scars by reducing skin pressure and supporting the surface being affected. You can visit us by clicking https:/ to learn more.

Don’t forget to check out our other article “How to Cover Up Any Type of Scar” to know more about scar tape as one of the best options to cover up your scars.